Grammar Section

    For the 3-rd Form

     

    Exercise 1

    Open the brackets. Put the verbs into the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous or the Past Indefinite.

    Sally

    I (to want) to tell you about a very beautiful girl. Her name (to be) Sally. She (to be) from Austria. Sally (to be) twelve. She (to be) a pupil. Sally (to go) in for swimming. She (to go) to the swimming pool four times a week. Sally (to like) to swim very much. Yesterday Sally (not to go) to the swimming pool. She (to go) to the party. Sally (to put on) her new blue dress and white shoes. Blue and white (to be) her favorite colours. They (to dance) a lot at the party. Now Sally (to read) a novel by Mark Twain.


    1.    What the girl's name (to be)?
    2.    Where Sally (to be) from?
    3.    How old she (to be)?
    4.    She (to be) a pupil?
    5.    What Sally (to go) in for?
    6.    How many times a week Sally (to go) to the swimming pool?
    7.    What the girl (to like) to do?
    8.    Sally (to go) to the swimming pool yesterday?
    9.    Where she (to go) yesterday?
    10.    What Sally (to wear) at the party yesterday?
    11.    What her favorite colours (to be)?
    12.    What they (to do) at the party yesterday?
    13.    What Sally (to do) now?

    Exercise 2

    Open the brackets. Put the verbs into the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous or the Past Indefinite.


    My Cousin

    His name (to be) David. David (to be) from Australia. He (to be) a little boy. My cousin (to be) four. David (to like) to play hide-and-seek. But he (not to want) to read books. Every Sunday we (to go) to the park to ride a bicycle. Yesterday we (to play) football at the school sports-ground. Now my cousin and I (to play) with a ball in the yard.


    1.    What the cousin's name (to be)?
    2.    Where David (to be) from?
    3.    How old the boy (to be)?
    4.    What game David (to like) to play?
    5.    What he (not to want) to do?
    6.    Where they (to go) every Sunday?
    7.    What they (to do) in the park?
    8.    Where David and his cousin (to go) yesterday?
    9.        What they (to do) at the school sports-ground?
    10.    What David (to do) now?
    11.    What David's cousin (to do) now?

    Exercise 3

    Open the brackets. Put the verbs into the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous or the Past Indefinite.


    My Mother

    Her name (to be) Molly. She (to be) thirty-five. My mother (to be) a businesswoman. Molly (to be) a very busy woman. She (to go) to work five times a week. My mother and I (to like) to go to the country. There I usually (to dig) in the garden and Molly (to water) the flowers. Yesterday it (to be) Saturday and my mother (not to go) to work. We (to go) for a walk in the park. There we (to play) table-tennis. Now I (to write) a letter to my friend and my mother (to wash) up.


    1.    What the mother's name (to be)?
    2.    How old Molly (to be)?
    3.    What her job (to be)?
    4.    How many times a week Molly (to go) to work?
    5.    Where they (to like) to go?
    6.    What they (to like) to do in the country?
    7.    What mother (to do) yesterday?
    8.    What she (to do) in the park yesterday?
    9.    What they (to do) now?

    Exercise 4

    Open the brackets. Put the verbs into the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous or the Past Indefinite.

    My Friend


    Her name (to be) Jill. Jill (to be) from Canada. My friend (to be) twenty-one. She (to be) a student. Jill (to like) to play tennis. Sometimes we (to go) to the stadium together. She (not to like) to dance. And Jill (not to go) to a disco club. My friend (to go) to the swimming pool every Sunday. She can swim very well. Last week Jill and I (to go) to the theatre. Jill and I (to be) theatregoers. Last time we (to see) Sleeping beauty. Now Jill (to read) a very interesting novel and I (to watch) TV.


    1.    What the friend's name (to be)?
    2.    Where she (to be) from?
    3.    How old Jill (to be)?
    4.    What she (to be)?
    5.    What game Jill (to like) to play?
    6.    Where they sometimes (to go) together?
    7.    Jill (to go) to a disco-club?
    8.    Where Jill (to go) every Sunday?
    9.    Can she swim?
    10.    How well can she swim?
    11.    Where Jill and her friend (to go) last week?
    12.    What ballet they (to see) last time?
    13.    The friends (to be) theatre-goes?
    14.    What they (to do) now?

     

    Exercise 5

     Past Indefinite. Write the sentences in the negative.
    1.    I traveled about Africa last month.
    2.    Tom stayed at an expensive hotel last summer.
    3.    Margaret played golf the other day.
    4.    David swam in the ocean last week.
    5.    Fred helped about the house during the summer holidays.
    6.    We visited Greece twice last year.
    7.    He worked hard in the garden yesterday.
    8.    Molly watered flowers, plants and vegetables last Monday.
    9.    They called a doctor yesterday evening.

    Exercise 6

    Past Indefinite. Write the sentences in the negative.
    1.    Tib met a famous pop singer yesterday.
    2.    We travelled by sea last month.
    3.    Carol read stories by Walter Scott last year.
    4.    He looked after his little puppy last week.
    5.    They enjoyed summer holidays.
    6.    Sam watched cartoons yesterday evening.
    7.    His elder sister washed clothes yesterday.
    8.    She cleared the table yesterday morning.
    9.    Her cousin swept the floor two hours ago.

    Exercise 7 

    Past Indefinite. Write the sentences in the negative.
    1.    Susan washed the sink in the kitchen yesterday.
    2.    The pupils stayed in after classes the day before yesterday.
    3.    He cut the bread and sausage yesterday evening.
    4.    She put the kettle on an hour ago.
    5.    My friend dusted the furniture yesterday.
    6.    Don slept with the window open last week.
    7.    Liz rang up her best friend yesterday.
    8.    His sister washed her dress yesterday evening.
    9.    Father beat the carpet last Sunday.

    Exercise 8

        Past Indefinite. Write the sentences in the interrogative.


    Ex. We wrote an exercise at the English lesson yesterday
    Did we write an exercise at the English lesson yesterday?


    1.         I went to the swimming pool after breakfast yesterday.
    2.    We had lunch at school after the third lesson yesterday.
    3.    The children played at the English lesson last year.
    4.    The boys listened to rock music the other day.
    5.    My friends visited the Hermitage last Sunday.
    6.    They travelled by sea last month.
    7.    The teacher helped me to learn more about animals.
    8.    My Granny made a very tasty cake last Saturday.

    Exercise 9

    Past Indefinite. Write the sentences in the interrogative.

    Ex. They got to school by bus yesterday. Did they get to school by bus yesterday?

    1.    The pupils wore uniform last year.
    2.    I had six lessons last week.
    3.    At the English lesson we wrote sentences two days ago.
    4.    Sam met a famous singer several days ago.
    5.    He swam in the lake last summer.
    6.    We sent greeting cards to our friends yesterday.
    7.    My sister decorated a New Year tree with toys yesterday evening.
    8.    They went to the theatre the other day.

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    For the 8-th Form

    Есть глаголы, их называют глаголы состояния (stative verbs), которые не употребляются в Present Continuous (а также в других временах группы Continuous). Это глаголы, выражающие чувства, переживания; \ умственную деятельность:

    to adore

    обожать

    to appear

    являться, казаться

    to be

    быть

    to believe

    верить

    to belong

    принадлежать

    to concern

    касаться

    to consist of

    состоять из

    to contain

    содержать

    to depend

    зависеть

    to desire

    желать

    to detest

    ненавидеть

    to dislike

    не любить

    to envy

    завидовать

    to exist

    существовать

    to expect

    ожидать

    to forget

    забыть

    to hate

    ненавидеть

    to have

    в значении иметь, обладать

    to hear

    слышать

    to imagine

    воображать, предполагать

    to include

    включать

    to intend

    намереваться

    to know

    знать

    to lack

    не хватать

    to like

    нравиться

    to love

    любить

    to mean

    намериваться

    to mind

    помнить, исполнять

    to need

    нуждаться

    to own

    владеть

    to possess

    обладать

    to prefer

    предпочитать

    to realize

    представлять себе

    to recognize

    узнавать

    to remember

    помнить

    to see

    видеть

    toseem

    казаться

    tosuppose

    предполагать, допускать

    tothink

    думать (в значении полагать)

    to trust

    доверять

    to understand

    понимать

    toweigh

    весить, оценивать

    towant

    хотеть

    Некоторые глаголы, указанные выше, употребляются в Present Continuous, когда они обозначают действие.

    Глаголы

    Состояние

    Действие

    appear

    Steve appears to be re­covering. Стив кажется выздоравливает.

    They are appearing on the stage next week.

    Они дадут представление на следующей неделе.

    be

    Your son is a very obedient child. Ваш сын очень послушный ребенок. (Это его черта характера. Он всегда так себя ведет).

    Your son is being obedient at the moment. Ваш сын сейчас очень послушный. (Он так себя ведет только в данный момент.)

    feel

    This material feels very smooth. Эта ткань на ощупь очень гладкая. I feel well. Я чувствую себя хорошо. I feel tired. Я чувствую себя уставшим.

    The doctor is feeling his pulse now.

    Доктор сейчас прощупывает его пульс.

    I am feeling well. Я чувствую себя хорошо.

    have

    They have a villa in Italy. У них в Италии вилла.(к>have в значении иметь, обладать)

    I am having tea now. Я сейчас пью чай. Выражения с глаголом to have(to have breakfast / lunch / dinner, have a lesson и т.д.).

    look

    Неlooks as if he is going to faint.

    Он выглядит так, как будто сейчас упадет в обморок.

    You look very well today. Вы сегодня очень хоро­шо выглядите.

    Why are you looking at me?

    Почему ты на меня смотришь?

    You are looking very well today. Вы сегодня очень хорошо выгля­дите.

    see

    I see exactly what you mean.

    Я прекрасно понимаю, что ты имеешь ввиду.

    I am seeing her tomorrow morning. Я встречаюсь с ней завтра утром.

    smell

    This soap smells of fresh flowers. Это мыло пахнет свежими цветами. (Имеет запах цветов)

    Why are you smelling that fish. Почему ты нюхаешь эту рыбу.

    taste

    This fish tastes delicious. Эта рыба имеет чудесный вкус.

    I am tasting the fish now. Я сейчас пробую рыбу.

    think

    I think it's a good day for fishing.Я считаю (полагаю) это хороший день для рыбалки.

    1 am thinking of moving house. Я планирую переехать.,(thinkв значении обдумывать, планировать)

    weigh

    This fish weighs five pounds.

    Эта рыба весит пять фунтов.

    Неis weighing the fish now. Он сейчас взвешивает рыбу.